Federal Unemployment Tax Act (FUTA)
The federal government doesn't pay unemployment benefits but does help states pay them to employees who've been involuntarily terminated from their jobs. To fund this assistance to the states, there's FUTA, which is a tax created by the Federal Unemployment Tax Act. The tax applies only to the first $7,000 of wages of each employee. The basic FUTA rate is 6%, but employers can receive a credit for state unemployment tax of up to 5.4%, bringing the net federal rate down to 0.6%, or a maximum FUTA payment of $42 per employee.